By The Seaside The Building Of The Ship

"Build me straight,

O worthy Master!   Stanch and strong, a goodly vessel,   That shall laugh at all disaster,   And with wave and whirlwind wrestle!"   The merchant's word   Delighted the Master heard;   For his heart was in his work, and the heart   Giveth grace unto every Art.   A quiet smile played round his lips,   As the eddies and dimples of the tide   Play round the bows of ships,   That steadily at anchor ride.   And with a voice that was full of glee,   He answered, "Erelong we will launch   A vessel as goodly, and strong, and stanch,   As ever weathered a wintry sea!"   And first with nicest skill and art,   Perfect and finished in every part,   A little model the Master wrought,   Which should be to the larger plan   What the child is to the man,   Its counterpart in miniature;   That with a hand more swift and sure   The greater labor might be brought   To answer to his inward thought.   And as he labored, his mind ran o'er   The various ships that were built of yore,   And above them all, and strangest of all   Towered the Great Harry, crank and tall,   Whose picture was hanging on the wall,   With bows and stern raised high in air,   And balconies hanging here and there,   And signal lanterns and flags afloat,   And eight round towers, like those that frown   From some old castle, looking down   Upon the drawbridge and the moat.   And he said with a smile, "Our ship,

I wis,   Shall be of another form than this!"   It was of another form, indeed;   Built for freight, and yet for speed,   A beautiful and gallant craft;   Broad in the beam, that the stress of the blast,   Pressing down upon sail and mast,   Might not the sharp bows overwhelm;   Broad in the beam, but sloping aft   With graceful curve and slow degrees,   That she might be docile to the helm,   And that the currents of parted seas,   Closing behind, with mighty force,   Might aid and not impede her course.   In the ship-yard stood the Master,   With the model of the vessel,   That should laugh at all disaster,   And with wave and whirlwind wrestle!   Covering many a rood of ground,   Lay the timber piled around;   Timber of chestnut, and elm, and oak,   And scattered here and there, with these,   The knarred and crooked cedar knees;   Brought from regions far away,   From Pascagoula's sunny bay,   And the banks of the roaring Roanoke!   Ah! what a wondrous thing it is   To note how many wheels of toil   One thought, one word, can set in motion!   There 's not a ship that sails the ocean,   But every climate, every soil,   Must bring its tribute, great or small,   And help to build the wooden wall!  The sun was rising o'er the sea,   And long the level shadows lay,   As if they, too, the beams would be   Of some great, airy argosy,   Framed and launched in a single day.   That silent architect, the sun,   Had hewn and laid them every one,   Ere the work of man was yet begun.   Beside the Master, when he spoke,   A youth, against an anchor leaning,   Listened, to catch his slightest meaning.   Only the long waves, as they broke   In ripples on the pebbly beach,   Interrupted the old man's speech.   Beautiful they were, in sooth,   The old man and the fiery youth!   The old man, in whose busy brain   Many a ship that sailed the main   Was modelled o'er and o'er again;—    The fiery youth, who was to be   The heir of his dexterity,   The heir of his house, and his daughter's hand,   When he had built and launched from land   What the elder head had planned. "Thus," said he, "will we build this ship!   Lay square the blocks upon the slip,   And follow well this plan of mine.   Choose the timbers with greatest care;   Of all that is unsound beware;   For only what is sound and strong   To this vessel shall belong.   Cedar of Maine and Georgia pine   Here together shall combine.   A goodly frame, and a goodly fame,   And the Union be her name!   For the day that gives her to the sea   Shall give my daughter unto thee!"  The Master's word   Enraptured the young man heard;   And as he turned his face aside,   With a look of joy and a thrill of pride   Standing before   Her father's door,   He saw the form of his promised bride.   The sun shone on her golden hair,   And her cheek was glowing fresh and fair,   With the breath of morn and the soft sea air.   Like a beauteous barge was she,   Still at rest on the sandy beach,   Just beyond the billow's reach;   But he   Was the restless, seething, stormy sea!   Ah, how skilful grows the hand   That obeyeth Love's command!   It is the heart, and not the brain,   That to the highest doth attain,   And he who followeth Love's behest   Far excelleth all the rest!  Thus with the rising of the sun   Was the noble task begun,   And soon throughout the ship-yard's bounds   Were heard the intermingled sounds   Of axes and of mallets, plied   With vigorous arms on every side;   Plied so deftly and so well,   That, ere the shadows of evening fell,   The keel of oak for a noble ship,   Scarfed and bolted, straight and strong,   Was lying ready, and stretched along   The blocks, well placed upon the slip.   Happy, thrice happy, every one   Who sees his labor well begun,   And not perplexed and multiplied,   By idly waiting for time and tide!  And when the hot, long day was o'er,   The young man at the Master's door   Sat with the maiden calm and still,   And within the porch, a little more   Removed beyond the evening chill,   The father sat, and told them tales   Of wrecks in the great September gales,   Of pirates coasting the Spanish Main,   And ships that never came back again,   The chance and change of a sailor's life,   Want and plenty, rest and strife,   His roving fancy, like the wind,   That nothing can stay and nothing can bind,   And the magic charm of foreign lands,   With shadows of palms, and shining sands,   Where the tumbling surf,   O'er the coral reefs of Madagascar,   Washes the feet of the swarthy Lascar,   As he lies alone and asleep on the turf.   And the trembling maiden held her breath   At the tales of that awful, pitiless sea,   With all its terror and mystery,   The dim, dark sea, so like unto Death,   That divides and yet unites mankind!   And whenever the old man paused, a gleam   From the bowl of his pipe would awhile illume   The silent group in the twilight gloom,   And thoughtful faces, as in a dream;   And for a moment one might mark   What had been hidden by the dark,   That the head of the maiden lay at rest,   Tenderly, on the young man's breast!  Day by day the vessel grew,   With timbers fashioned strong and true,   Stemson and keelson and sternson-knee,   Till, framed with perfect symmetry,   A skeleton ship rose up to view!   And around the bows and along the side   The heavy hammers and mallets plied,   Till after many a week, at length,   Wonderful for form and strength,   Sublime in its enormous bulk,   Loomed aloft the shadowy hulk!   And around it columns of smoke, upwreathing,   Rose from the boiling, bubbling, seething   Caldron, that glowed,   And overflowed   With the black tar, heated for the sheathing.   And amid the clamors   Of clattering hammers,   He who listened heard now and then   The song of the Master and his men:--  "Build me straight,

O worthy Master,     Staunch and strong, a goodly vessel,   That shall laugh at all disaster,     And with wave and whirlwind wrestle!"  With oaken brace and copper band,   Lay the rudder on the sand,   That, like a thought, should have control   Over the movement of the whole;   And near it the anchor, whose giant hand   Would reach down and grapple with the land,   And immovable and fast   Hold the great ship against the bellowing blast!   And at the bows an image stood,   By a cunning artist carved in wood,   With robes of white, that far behind   Seemed to be fluttering in the wind.   It was not shaped in a classic mould,   Not like a Nymph or Goddess of old,   Or Naiad rising from the water,   But modelled from the Master's daughter!   On many a dreary and misty night,   'T will be seen by the rays of the signal light,   Speeding along through the rain and the dark,   Like a ghost in its snow-white sark,   The pilot of some phantom bark,   Guiding the vessel, in its flight,   By a path none other knows aright!   Behold, at last,   Each tall and tapering mast   Is swung into its place;  Shrouds and stays   Holding it firm and fast!   Long ago,   In the deer-haunted forests of Maine,   When upon mountain and plain   Lay the snow,   They fell, — those lordly pines!   Those grand, majestic pines!   'Mid shouts and cheers   The jaded steers,   Panting beneath the goad,   Dragged down the weary, winding road   Those captive kings so straight and tall,   To be shorn of their streaming hair,   And naked and bare,   To feel the stress and the strain   Of the wind and the reeling main,   Whose roar   Would remind them forevermore   Of their native forests they should not see again.   And everywhere   The slender, graceful spars   Poise aloft in the air,   And at the mast-head,   White, blue, and red,   A flag unrolls the stripes and stars.   Ah! when the wanderer, lonely, friendless,   In foreign harbors shall behold   That flag unrolled,   'T will be as a friendly hand   Stretched out from his native land,   Filling his heart with memories sweet and endless!   All is finished! and at length   Has come the bridal day   Of beauty and of strength.   To-day the vessel shall be launched!   With fleecy clouds the sky is blanched,   And o'er the bay,   Slowly, in all his splendors dight,   The great sun rises to behold the sight.   The ocean old,   Centuries old,   Strong as youth, and as uncontrolled,   Paces restless to and fro,   Up and down the sands of gold.   His beating heart is not at rest;   And far and wide,   With ceaseless flow,   His beard of snow   Heaves with the heaving of his breast.   He waits impatient for his bride.   There she stands,   With her foot upon the sands,   Decked with flags and streamers gay,   In honor of her marriage day,   Her snow-white signals fluttering, blending,   Round her like a veil descending,   Ready to be   The bride of the gray old sea.   On the deck another bride   Is standing by her lover's side.   Shadows from the flags and shrouds,   Like the shadows cast by clouds,   Broken by many a sunny fleck,   Fall around them on the deck.   The prayer is said,   The service read,   The joyous bridegroom bows his head;   And in tears the good old Master   Shakes the brown hand of his son,   Kisses his daughter's glowing cheek   In silence, for he cannot speak,   And ever faster   Down his own the tears begin to run.   The worthy pastor —    The shepherd of that wandering flock,   That has the ocean for its wold,   That has the vessel for its fold,   Leaping ever from rock to rock —    Spake, with accents mild and clear,   Words of warning, words of cheer,   But tedious to the bridegroom's ear.   He knew the chart   Of the sailor's heart,   All its pleasures and its griefs,   All its shallows and rocky reefs,   All those secret currents, that flow   With such resistless undertow,   And lift and drift, with terrible force,   The will from its moorings and its course.   Therefore he spake, and thus said he: —    "Like unto ships far off at sea,   Outward or homeward bound, are we.   Before, behind, and all around,   Floats and swings the horizon's bound,   Seems at its distant rim to rise  And climb the crystal wall of the skies,   And then again to turn and sink,   As if we could slide from its outer brink.   Ah! it is not the sea,   It is not the sea that sinks and shelves,   But ourselves   That rock and rise   With endless and uneasy motion,   Now touching the very skies,   Now sinking into the depths of ocean.   Ah! if our souls but poise and swing   Like the compass in its brazen ring,   Ever level and ever true   To the toil and the task we have to do,   We shall sail securely, and safely reach   The Fortunate Isles, on whose shining beach   The sights we see, and the sounds we hear,   Will be those of joy and not of fear!"   Then the Master,   With a gesture of command,   Waved his hand;   And at the word,   Loud and sudden there was heard,   All around them and below,   The sound of hammers, blow on blow,   Knocking away the shores and spurs.   And see! she stirs!   She starts, — she moves, — she seems to feel   The thrill of life along her keel,   And, spurning with her foot the ground,   With one exulting, joyous bound,   She leaps into the ocean's arms!   And lo! from the assembled crowd   There rose a shout, prolonged and loud,   That to the ocean seemed to say,   "Take her,

O bridegroom, old and gray,   Take her to thy protecting arms,   With all her youth and all her charms!"   How beautiful she is!

How fair   She lies within those arms, that press   Her form with many a soft caress   Of tenderness and watchful care!   Sail forth into the sea,

O ship!   Through wind and wave, right onward steer!   The moistened eye, the trembling lip,   Are not the signs of doubt or fear.   Sail forth into the sea of life,   O gentle, loving, trusting wife,   And safe from all adversity   Upon the bosom of that sea   Thy comings and thy goings be!   For gentleness and love and trust   Prevail o'er angry wave and gust;   And in the wreck of noble lives   Something immortal still survives!  Thou, too, sail on,

O Ship of State!   Sail on,

O Union, strong and great!   Humanity with all its fears,   With all the hopes of future years,   Is hanging breathless on thy fate!   We know what Master laid thy keel,   What Workmen wrought thy ribs of steel,   Who made each mast, and sail, and rope,   What anvils rang, what hammers beat,   In what a forge and what a heat   Were shaped the anchors of thy hope!   Fear not each sudden sound and shock,   'T is of the wave and not the rock;   'T is but the flapping of the sail,   And not a rent made by the gale!   In spite of rock and tempest's roar,   In spite of false lights on the shore,   Sail on, nor fear to breast the sea!   Our hearts, our hopes, are all with thee,   Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears,   Our faith triumphant o'er our fears,   Are all with thee, — are all with thee!

Composition Date:

Sept. 22, 1849.

Form: couplets and quatrains.1.

Longfellow began the poem "June 18, 1849.

Work upon it, however, was interrupted by the illness and death of his father, which took him to Portland and detained him there, but not unlikely his stay in the city by the sea gave him opportunity for brooding over the poem.

It may be added that besides his early association with the seaboard, his summers were now spent at Nahant. 'I prefer the sea-side to thecountry,' he once said; 'the idea of liberty is stronger there.' At any rate, in September he was again engaged upon the poem, and on the 20th notes: 'The Building of the Ship goes on.

It will be rather long.

Will it be good?' On the 22d he finished the poem, and in the latter part of November The Seaside and the Fireside was published, with

Building of the Ship as the leading piece.

The form of the poem was clearly suggested by Schiller's Song of the Bell, which has more thanonce served as a model to poets.

Schiller may be saidto have introduced a new artistic form, and Mr.

Longfellow, in adopting the general scheme, showed his apprehension of its capacity by the skill with which he moved from one passage to another, using the short lines to express the quicker, more sudden, or hurried action, the longer to indicate lingering, moderate action or reflection.

The oratorial character of the poem, so to speak, has always caught the ear, and it is interesting to read in the poet's diary shortly after the publication of the book, this entry:--February 12, 1850.

In the evening Mrs. [Fanny] Kemble read before the Mercantile Library Association, to an audience of more than three thousand, portions

As You Like It; then The Building of the Ship, standing out upon the platform, book in hand, trembling, palpitating and weeping, and giving every word its true weight and emphasis.

She prefaced the recital by a few words, to this effect; that when she first saw the poem, she desired to read it before a Boston audience; and she hoped she would be able to make every word audible to that great multitude.

By this graceful action Mrs.

Kemble may well have thrown into concrete form the lines with which Mr.

Longfellow closed the sonnet commemorating her readings,

O happy Poet! ...

How must thy listening spirit now

To be interpreted by such a voice.

But it is to be suspected that the vast multitudewas stirred to its depths not so much by the artistic completeness of the rendition, as by the impassioned burst with which the poem closes, and which fell upon no listless ears in the deep agitation of the eventful year 1850.


Noah Brooks in his paper on Lincoln's Imagination. (Scribner's Monthly,

August, 1879)mentions that he found the President one day attracted by these stanzas, quoted in a political speech. 'Knowing the whole poem,' he adds, 'as one of my early exercises in recitation,

I began, at his request, with the description of the launch of the ship, and repeated it to the end.

As he listened to the last lines, his eyes filled with tears, and his cheeks were wet.

He did not speak for some minutes, but finally said, with simplicity: "It is a wonderfulgift to be able to stir men like that."'" (Editor, pp. 240-42.) 29.

Great Harry:

A ship in 1488 named after Henry

II,who reunited the English nobility after the disastrouswars of the roses.55. rood: about 7-8 yards.61-62.

Pascagoula's sunny bay: mouth of the Pascagoula river on the Mississippi gulf coast.

Roanoke: river flowing from south Virginia and North Carolina into Albemarle Sound.137.

Scarfed: a carpentry joint made by notching or chamfering two pieces so that they fit together and can be bolted.160-61.

Madagascar: island in the Indian ocean off southeast Africa.


East Indian sailor.178.

Stemson and keelson and sternson-knee: the stemson is a curved timber-piece near a ship's bow, attached to the keelson, a lengthy piece strengthening and running above and along the keel to the stern, where it (the keelson) ends in the sternson-knee, which attaches to the sternpost.214.

Naiad: water-nymph.219. sark: suit, shroud. 252-54. "I wish to anticipate a criticism on this passage, by stating that sometimes, though not usually, vessels are launched fully sparred and rigged.

I have availed myself of the exception as better suited to my purposes than the general rule; but the reader will see that it is neither a blunder nor a poetic license.

On this subject a friend in Portland,

Maine, writes me thus:--In this State, and also,

I am told, in New York, ships are sometimes rigged upon the stocks, in order to save time, or to make a show.

There was a fine, large ship launched last summer at Ellsworth, fully sparred and rigged.

Some years ago a ship was launched here, with her rigging, spars, sails, and carg aboard.

She sailed the next day and--was never heard of again!

I hope this will not be the fate of your poem!"(Longfellow, p. 329, from the first edition notes;p. 329 here.)264. dight: arrayed.337.

The Fortunate Isles: mythical islands, supposed to be west sometimes of the pillars of Hercules in the Atlantic and sometimes identified as the Canary Islands, where the Greeks and Romans thought the blessed went to dwell after death.

See Virgil's Aeneid.

VI, 639.347. shores and spurs: props keeping the ship upright on the harbour ground.

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